Battle

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Contents

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Early Modern English {{en|batell}}, probably from Middle English *{{enm||batel|flourishing}}, from Old English *{{ang||batol|improving, tending to be good}}, from {{ang|batian||to get better, improve}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*batjaną}}, {{gem-pro|*bōtijaną||to improve, atone, be favourable}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*bʰAd-||good}} Template:Suffix. Related to West Frisian {{fy|bate}}, {{fy|baatsje||to get better}}, {{nl|baten||to benefit, avail, profit}}, {{nds|batten||to be sly}}. Compare {{en|batten||to improve, become better, fatten, flourish}}. More at Template:L/en.

Alternative forms

Adjective

Template:En-adj

  1. (ArticlesUK ArticlesdialectalArticles, chieflyArticles, ScotlandArticles, Template:Context 6) Improving; nutritious; fattening.
    battle grass, battle pasture
  2. (ArticlesUK ArticlesdialectalArticles, chieflyArticles, ScotlandArticles, Template:Context 6) Fertile; fruitful.
    battle soil, battle land
Derived terms

Verb

Battle (third-person singular simple present [[Battles#|Battles]], present participle [[Battleing#|Battleing]], simple past and past participle [[Battleed#|Battleed]])
  1. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, UK ArticlesdialectalArticles, chieflyArticles, Template:Context 6) To nourish; feed.
  2. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, UK ArticlesdialectalArticles, chieflyArticles, Template:Context 6) To render fertile or fruitful, as in soil.
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English {{enm|batel}}, from Template:Fro {{fro|bataille}}, from Template:VL. {{la||*battālia}}, from Template:LL. {{la|battuālia||fighting and fencing exercises}}, from {{la|battuō||to strike, beat}}, from Template:Cel-gau (compare {{cy|bathu||to strike money, coin, mint}}), from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*bhau(t)-||to knock}} (compare {{la|fatuus||silly, knocked silly}}, Gothic {{got|𐌱𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃||deaf, numb, dumbstruck}}).

Displaced native Old English {{ang|hild||battle}}, Old English {{ang|beadu||battle, war}}.

Alternative forms

  • batail (14th - 16th centuries)

Noun

Battle (plural [[Battles#|Battles]])
  1. A general action, fight, or encounter, in which all the divisions of an army are or may be engaged; an engagement; a combat.
  2. A struggle; a contest.
    Template:Ux
    • Template:Rfdate Henry Morley (1822-1894):
      The whole intellectual battle that had at its centre the best poem of the best poet of that day.
    • Template:Quote-news
      In truth, Tottenham never really looked like taking all three points and this defeat means they face a battle to reach the knockout stages—with their next home game against PAOK Salonika on 30 November likely to prove decisive.
    • 2012, Clive James 'near the end' in cancer battle, ITV News, 21 June 2012:
      Australian broadcaster Clive James has admitted that he is losing his long-fought battle with leukaemia.
  3. Template:Label A division of an army; a battalion.
    • Template:RQ:Mlry MrtDrthr:
      THenne kyng Arthur made redy his hoost in x batails and Nero was redy in the felde afore the castel Tarabil with a grete hoost / & he had x batails with many mo peple than Arthur had
    • Template:Rfdate Francis Bacon (1561-1626):
      The king divided his army into three battles.
    • Template:Rfdate William Robertson (1721-1793):
      The cavalry, by way of distinction, was called the battle, and on it alone depended the fate of every action.
    • 2000, George RR Martin, A Storm of Swords, Bantam 2011, page 634:
      ‘I will have more than twelve thousand men. I mean to divide them into three battles and start up the causeway a half-day apart.’
  4. Template:Label The main body, as distinct from the vanguard and rear; battalia.
    Template:Rfquotek
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Battle (third-person singular simple present [[Battles#|Battles]], present participle [[Battleing#|Battleing]], simple past and past participle [[Battleed#|Battleed]])
  1. (Articlesintransitive) To join in battle; to contend in fight; as, to battle over theories.
    She has been battling against cancer for years.
  2. (Articlestransitive) To assail in battle; to fight or struggle.
    She has been battling cancer for years.
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References

Statistics

Anagrams

ang:battle ar:battle az:battle cs:battle cy:battle da:battle de:battle et:battle el:battle es:battle eo:battle fr:battle gl:battle ko:battle hy:battle io:battle id:battle it:battle kn:battle kk:battle ku:battle lo:battle lv:battle li:battle hu:battle mg:battle ml:battle my:battle na:battle nl:battle ja:battle no:battle km:battle pl:battle pt:battle ru:battle sa:battle simple:battle sk:battle fi:battle sv:battle ta:battle te:battle th:battle chr:battle tr:battle vi:battle zh:battle

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