Good

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Contents

English

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Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English {{enm|good}}, from Old English {{ang|gōd||good, virtuous, desirable, favorable, salutary, pleasant, valid, efficient, suitable, considerable, sufficiently great}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdaz||good}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*gʰedʰ-||to unite, be associated, suit}}. Cognate with Scots {{sco|guid||good}}, West Frisian {{fy|goed||good}}, {{nl|goed||good}}, {{nds|god||good}}, {{de|gut||good}}, and {{da|god||good}}, {{is|góður||good}}, Lithuanian {{lt|guõdas||honor}}, Albanian dial. {{sq|hut||good, fit, appropriate}}, Old Church Slavonic {{cu|годъ||pleasing time}} and {{cu|годенъ||fitting, suitable}}, Sanskrit {{sa|गद्य||fitting, suitable}}. Related to gather.

Alternative forms

Adjective

Template:En-adj

  1. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Of people.
    1. Acting in the interest of good; ethical.
      Template:Ux
    2. Competent or talented.
      Template:Ux
    3. Able to be depended on for the discharge of obligations incurred; of unimpaired credit.
      Template:Ux
    4. Satisfied or at ease
      Template:Ux
      Template:Ux
  2. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    1. Useful for a particular purpose; functional.
      Template:Ux
    2. Effective.
      Template:Ux
      • Template:RQ:BLwnds TLdgr
        There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
    3. Lëtzebuergesch: en
      Real; actual; serious.
      Template:Ux
  3. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Of properties and qualities.
    1. Lëtzebuergesch: en
      1. Edible; not stale or rotten.
        Template:Ux
      2. Having a particularly pleasant taste.
        Template:Ux
        • c. 1430 (reprinted 1888), Thomas Austin, ed., Two Fifteenth-century Cookery-books. Harleian ms. 279 (ab. 1430), & Harl. ms. 4016 (ab. 1450), with Extracts from Ashmole ms. 1429, Laud ms. 553, & Douce ms. 55 [Early English Text Society, Original Series; 91], London: N. Trübner & Co. for the Early English Text Society, volume I, OCLC 374760, page 11:
          Soupes dorye. — Take gode almaunde mylke .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}} caste þher-to Safroun an Salt .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}}
        • 1962 (quoting 1381 text), Hans Kurath & Sherman M. Kuhn, eds., Middle English Dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-01044-8, page 1242:
          dorrẹ̅, dōrī adj. & n. .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}} cook. glazed with a yellow substance; pome(s ~, sopes ~. .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}} 1381 Pegge Cook. Recipes p. 114: For to make Soupys dorry. Nym onyons .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}} Nym wyn .{{#invoke:String|rep| .|2}} toste wyte bred and do yt in dischis, and god Almande mylk.
      3. Being satisfying; meeting dietary requirements.
        Template:Ux
    2. Healthful.
      Template:Ux
    3. Pleasant; enjoyable.
      Template:Ux
    4. Favourable.
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    5. Beneficial; worthwhile.
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    6. Adequate; sufficient; not fallacious.
  4. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    With "and", extremely.
    Template:Ux
  5. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Holy.
    Template:Ux
  6. Lëtzebuergesch: en
    Of quantities.
    1. Reasonable in amount.
      Template:Ux
    2. Large in amount or size.
      Template:Ux
      • Template:RQ:Mrxl SqrsDghtr
        The big houses, and there are a good many of them, lie for the most part in what may be called by courtesy the valleys. You catch a glimpse of them sometimes at a little distance from the [railway] line, which seems to have shown some ingenuity in avoiding them,Template:Nb....
    3. Entire.
      Template:Ux
      • Template:RQ:WBsnt IvryGtP
        Athelstan Arundel walked home all the way, foaming and raging. No omnibus, cab, or conveyance ever built could contain a young man in such a rage. His mother lived at Pembridge Square, which is four good measured miles from Lincoln's Inn.
Usage notes

In informal (often jocular) contexts, best may be inflected further and given the comparative bester and the superlative bestest; these forms are nonstandard.

Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms

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Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Interjection

Template:En-interj

  1. That is good; an elliptical exclamation of satisfaction or commendation.
    Good! I can leave now.

Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English {{enm|goode||good, well}}, from the adjective. Compare {{nl|goed||good, well}}, {{de|gut||good, well}}, {{da|godt||good, well}}, {{sv|godt||good, well}}, all from the adjective.

Adverb

Template:En-adv

  1. (Articlesnonstandard) Well; satisfactorily or thoroughly.
    • 1906, Zane Grey, The Spirit of the Border: A Romance of the Early Settlers in the Ohio Valley
      If Silvertip refuses to give you the horse, grab him before he can draw a weapon, and beat him good. You're big enough to do it.
    • 2007 April 19, Jimmy Wales, “Jimmy Wales on the User-Generated Generation”, Fresh Air, WHYY, Pennsylvania [1]
      The one thing that we can't do...is throw out the baby with the bathwater.... We know our process works pretty darn good and, uh, it’s really sparked this amazing phenomenon of this...high-quality website.
Derived terms

Etymology 3

From Middle English {{enm|good}}, {{enm|god}}, from Old English {{ang|gōd||a good thing, advantage, benefit, gift; good, goodness, welfare; virtue, ability, doughtiness; goods, property, wealth}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdą||goods, belongings}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*gʰedʰ-}}, {{ine-pro|*gʰodʰ-||to unite, be associated, suit}}.

Noun

Good (plural [[~goods#|~goods]])
  1. (Articlesuncountable) The forces or behaviors that are the enemy of evil. Usually consists of helping others and general benevolence.
  2. (Articlescountable) A result that is positive in the view of the speaker.
  3. (Articlesuncountable) The abstract instantiation of goodness; that which possesses desirable qualities, promotes success, welfare, or happiness, is serviceable, fit, excellent, kind, benevolent, etc.
    • Bible, Psalms iv. 6
      There be many that say, Who will show us any good?
    • Jay
      The good of the whole community can be promoted only by advancing the good of each of the members composing it.
    Template:Usex
  4. (ArticlescountableArticles, usually in plural) An item of merchandise.
    • William Shakespeare
      Thy lands and goods / Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate / Unto the state of Venice.
Antonyms
  • (forces of good): bad, evil
  • (positive result): bad
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English {{enm|goden}}, {{enm|godien}}, from Old English {{ang|gōdian||to improve, get better; make better; endow, enrich}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdōną||to make better, improve}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdaz||good, favourable}}.

Verb

Good (third-person singular simple present [[Goods#|Goods]], present participle [[Gooding#|Gooding]], simple past and past participle [[Gooded#|Gooded]])
  1. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To thrive; fatten; prosper; improve.
  2. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To make good; turn to good; improve.
  3. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To make improvements or repairs.
  4. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To benefit; gain.
  5. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To do good to (someone); benefit; cause to improve or gain.
  6. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To satisfy; indulge; gratify.
  7. (ArticlesreflexiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To flatter; congratulate oneself; anticipate.
Derived terms

Etymology 5

From English dialectal, from Middle English {{enm|*goden}}, of Template:Gmq origin, related to [[göda#|göda]] (to fatten, fertilise, battle), [[gøde#|gøde]] (to fertilise, battle), ultimately from the adjective. See above.

Verb

Good (third-person singular simple present [[Goods#|Goods]], present participle [[Gooding#|Gooding]], simple past and past participle [[Gooded#|Gooded]])
  1. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, now Articleschiefly ArticlesTemplate:Context 6) To furnish with dung; manure; fatten with manure; fertilise.
    Template:Rfquotek
Derived terms

Statistics


Dutch Low Saxon

Adjective

{{ Template:Nds-nl/script |Good|face=head|lang=nds-nl}}

  1. [[good#|good]]

Limburgish

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdaz}}. Related to English good. Not related to gód.

Pronunciation

  • [ʝoː˦d]

Adjective

good (comparative: baeter, superlative: bès, 't bès)

  1. good

Inflection

Masculine Feminine Neutral
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative gooje gooj gooj gooj good gooj
Genitive goods goojer goojer goojer goods goojer
Locative goojes gooje goojes gooje goojes gooje
Vocative² gooj gooj gooj gooj gooj gooj
Dative¹ gooje goojen goojer goojen good goojen
Accusative¹ gooje goojen good gooj good goojen

¹ Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
² Vocative only exists for about ten words.


Middle English

Etymology

From Old English {{ang|gōd}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*gōdaz}}.

Adjective

Template:Enm-adj

  1. Good (of good quality).
  2. Good (morally right).

am:good ang:good ar:good az:good br:good ca:good cs:good cy:good da:good de:good et:good el:good es:good eo:good eu:good fa:good fr:good ko:good hy:good hr:good io:good it:good kn:good ka:good kk:good sw:good ku:good lo:good lv:good lt:good li:good hu:good mg:good ml:good mt:good mn:good my:good nl:good ja:good no:good uz:good pl:good pt:good ro:good ru:good sm:good sq:good simple:good sr:good fi:good sv:good tl:good ta:good te:good th:good chr:good tr:good ug:good vi:good zh:good

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