From WikiLove - The Encyclopedia of Love

Images:Dialects of the french language.png
This world map shows the locations amongst the locals of the French language. Credit: Jonatan argento.

There are "approximately 3,000–6,000 languages that are spoken by humans today".[1]


Def. "[a] form of communication using words either spoken or gestured with the hands and structured with grammar, often with a writing system"[2] is called a language.

"Language may refer either to the specifically human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, or to a specific instance of such a system of complex communication."[1]

If there is at least one human or hominin language, why are there more than one?

Images:Wikipedia dominant language by country.PNG
The Wikipedia dominant language by country is indicated by different colors. Credit: Leonst & Sehrg.

Def. a "[l]anguage spoken by the dominant social group, or language that is seen as the main language of a country"[3] is called a dominant language.

Def. "[a] set of languages which have evolved from a common ancestor"[4] is called a language family.


  1. Each of today's languages contains a synonym for dominant group.

Control groups

Images:Lewis rat.jpg
This is an image of a Lewis rat. Credit: Charles River Laboratories.

The findings demonstrate a statistically systematic change from the status quo or the control group.

“In the design of experiments, treatments [or special properties or characteristics] are applied to [or observed in] experimental units in the treatment group(s).[5] In comparative experiments, members of the complementary group, the control group, receive either no treatment or a standard treatment.[6]"[7]

Proof of concept

Def. a “short and/or incomplete realization of a certain method or idea to demonstrate its feasibility"[8] is called a proof of concept.

Def. evidence that demonstrates that a concept is possible is called proof of concept.

The proof-of-concept structure consists of

  1. background,
  2. procedures,
  3. findings, and
  4. interpretation.[9]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Language, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. June 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
  2. "language, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. June 6, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  3. Sheldon Shaeffer (2007). "Advocacy Kit for Promoting Multilingual Education: Including the Excluded". 920 Sukhumvit Road, Prakanong, Bangkok 10110. Thailand: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
  4. "language family, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. June 6, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
  5. Klaus Hinkelmann, Oscar Kempthorne (2008). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume I: Introduction to Experimental Design (2nd ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-72756-9.
  6. R. A. Bailey (2008). Design of comparative experiments. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68357-9.
  7. "Treatment and control groups, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. May 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  8. "proof of concept, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. November 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  9. {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}

      Error: No text given for quotation (or equals sign used in the actual argument to an unnamed parameter)

      36px Resource type: this resource contains a lecture or lecture notes.
      36px Subject classification: this is an Anthropology resource.
      36px Subject classification: this is a geography resource .
      36px Subject classification: this is a semantics resource.

      Become part of the community of Wikilovers
      Build an article or Request an article
      Share a Picture
      Share a video