Principle

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Etymology

From Template:Fro {{ Template:Fro/script |[[principe#Template:Fro|principe]]|face=term|lang=fro}}, from [[principium#|principium]] (beginning, foundation), from princeps (first); see prince.

Pronunciation

Noun

Principle (plural [[Principles#|Principles]])
  1. A fundamental assumption or guiding belief.
    • Template:Quote-web
      Let us consider ‘my dog is asleep on the floor’ again. Frege thinks that this sentence can be analyzed in various different ways. Instead of treating it as expressing the application of __ is asleep on the floor to my dog, we can think of it as expressing the application of the concept
           my dog is asleep on __
      to the object
           the floor
      (see Frege 1919). Frege recognizes what is now a commonplace in the logical analysis of natural language. We can attribute more than one logical form to a single sentence. Let us call this the principle of multiple analyses. Frege does not claim that the principle always holds, but as we shall see, modern type theory does claim this.
    Template:Usex
  2. A rule used to choose among solutions to a problem.
    Template:Usex
  3. (ArticlessometimesArticles, pluralized) Moral rule or aspect.
    I don't doubt your principles.
    You are clearly a person of principle.
    It's the principle of the thing; I won't do business with someone I can't trust.
  4. (Articles
36px Subject classification: this is a physics resource .
) A rule or law of nature, or the basic idea on how the laws of nature are applied.
  1. Bernoulli's Principle
    The Pauli Exclusion Principle prevents two fermions from occupying the same state.
    The principle of the internal combustion engine
  2. A fundamental essence, particularly one producing a given quality.
    • Gregory
      Cathartine is the bitter, purgative principle of senna.
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  3. (Articlesobsolete) A beginning.
  4. A source, or origin; that from which anything proceeds; fundamental substance or energy; primordial substance; ultimate element, or cause.
    • Tillotson
      The soul of man is an active principle.
  5. An original faculty or endowment.
    • Stewart
      those active principles whose direct and ultimate object is the communication either of enjoyment or suffering

Usage notes

  • Principle ("moral rule"), as a noun, is often confused with principal, which can be an adjective ("most important") or a noun ("school principal"). A memory aid to avoid this confusion is: "The principal alphabetic principle places A before E".

Synonyms

  • (moral rule or aspect): tenet

Derived terms

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Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Principle (third-person singular simple present [[principles#|principles]], present participle [[principling#|principling]], simple past and past participle [[principled#|principled]])
  1. (Articlestransitive) To equip with principles; to establish, or fix, in certain principles; to impress with any tenet or rule of conduct.
    • L'Estrange
      Governors should be well principled.
    • Locke
      Let an enthusiast be principled that he or his teacher is inspired.

External links

zh-min-nan:principle ca:principle cs:principle cy:principle da:principle de:principle et:principle el:principle es:principle eo:principle fa:principle fr:principle ko:principle hy:principle io:principle it:principle kn:principle kk:principle ku:principle li:principle hu:principle mg:principle ml:principle my:principle ja:principle pl:principle pt:principle ro:principle ru:principle simple:principle fi:principle sv:principle tl:principle ta:principle te:principle th:principle chr:principle tr:principle vi:principle zh:principle

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