Sweat

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English

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Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old English {{ang|swāt}}, from Proto-Germanic {{gem-pro|*swait-}}, from Proto-Indo-European {{ine-pro|*swoyd-||to sweat}}, {{ine-pro|*sweyd-}}. Cognate with West Frisian swit, Dutch [[zweet#|zweet]], German [[Schweiß#|Schweiß]], Danish [[sved#|sved]], Swedish [[svett#|svett]], Yiddish שוויצן (shvitsn) (English [[shvitz#|shvitz]]), French [[sueur#|sueur]], Persian [[خوی#|خوی]] (xway), Sanskrit स्वेद (svéda), Latvian [[sviedri#[[Template:{{{1}}}]] ([{{fullurl:Template:{{{1}}}|action=edit}} edit]|[[Template talk:{{{1}}}|talk]]|[{{fullurl:Template:{{{1}}}|action=history}} history]|[{{fullurl:Special:Whatlinkshere/Template:{{{1}}}|limit=999}} links]|[{{fullurl:Template:{{{1}}}|action=watch}} watch]|logs)|sviedri]], Tocharian B syā-, and Albanian djersë.

Noun

Sweat (usually uncountable; plural [[Sweats#|Sweats]])
  1. Fluid that exits the body through pores in the skin usually due to physical stress and/or high temperature for the purpose of regulating body temperature and removing certain compounds from the circulation.
  2. (ArticlesUKArticles, slangArticles, military slangArticles, especially WWI) A soldier (especially one who is old or experienced).
  3. (Articleshistorical) The sweating sickness.
    • 2009, Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall, Fourth Estate 2010, page 131:
      When the sweat comes back this summer, 1528, people say, as they did last year, that you won't get it if you don't think about it.
    Template:Rfquotek
  4. Moisture issuing from any substance.
    the sweat of hay or grain in a mow or stack
    Template:Rfquotek
  5. A short run by a racehorse as a form of exercise.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old English swætan, from the noun {{ang|swāt}}. Compare Dutch [[zweten#|zweten]], German [[schwitzen#|schwitzen]], Danish [[svede#|svede]].

Verb

Sweat (third-person singular simple present [[Sweats#|Sweats]], present participle [[Sweating#|Sweating]], simple past and past participle [[Sweated#|Sweated]])
  1. (Articlesintransitive) To emit sweat.
  2. (Articlestransitive) To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire.
    His physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics.
  3. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, informal) To work hard.
    I've been sweating over my essay all day.
  4. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, informal) To extract money, labour, etc. from, by exaction or oppression.
    to sweat a spendthrift; to sweat labourers
  5. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, informal) To worry.
  6. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, colloquial) To worry about (something). Template:Defdate
    • 2010, Brooks Barnes, "Studios battle to save Narnia", The New York Times, 5 Dec 2010:
      There are few matters studio executives sweat more than maintaining their franchises.
  7. (Articlestransitive) To emit, in the manner of sweat.
    to sweat blood
    • Dryden
      With exercise she sweat ill humors out.
  8. (Articlesintransitive) To emit moisture.
    The cheese will start sweating if you don't refrigerate it.
  9. (ArticlesintransitiveArticles, plumbing) To solder (a pipe joint) together.
  10. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, slang) To stress out.
    Stop sweatin' me!
  11. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, intransitive) To cook slowly in shallow oil without browning.
  12. (ArticlestransitiveArticles, archaic) To remove a portion of (a coin), as by shaking it with others in a bag, so that the friction wears off a small quantity of the metal.
    • R. Cobden
      The only use of it [money] which is interdicted is to put it in circulation again after having diminished its weight by sweating, or otherwise, because the quantity of metal contains is no longer consistent with its impression.
Synonyms
Derived terms

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Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related terms

Anagrams


French

Etymology

Template:Borrowing.

Pronunciation

  • /swit/

Noun

Template:Fr-noun

  1. sweatshirt
    Template:Usexcs:sweat

cy:sweat de:sweat et:sweat el:sweat es:sweat eu:sweat fa:sweat fr:sweat ko:sweat hy:sweat hr:sweat io:sweat it:sweat kn:sweat sw:sweat ku:sweat lo:sweat li:sweat hu:sweat mg:sweat ml:sweat my:sweat ja:sweat oc:sweat pl:sweat pt:sweat ru:sweat simple:sweat fi:sweat sv:sweat ta:sweat te:sweat chr:sweat uk:sweat vi:sweat zh:sweat

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