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French theosophy logo digitalized : The Star of David, Ouroboros, positive swastika, ankh and aum. It reads : "There is no religion higher than truth". Credit: Mspecht.

Theology is "the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth [, or] the learned profession acquired by specialized courses in religion (usually at a college or seminary".[1]

Theoretical theology

Def. "reasoning or discussion concerning the Deity"[2], is called theologia.[1]

Def. "the science of things divine"[3], is called theology.[1]

Def. "a deity, a god, God"[4] is called a theos.


  1. "[t]he single deity of various monotheistic religions",
  2. "[t]he single male deity of various duotheistic religions",
  3. "[a]n impersonal and universal spiritual presence or force",
  4. "[a]n omnipotent being, creator of the universe (as in deism)",
  5. "[t]he (personification of the) laws of nature", and
  6. "[t]he Horned God",[5] is called God.

Usage notes

"God is often referred to by masculine pronouns, not necessarily implying that the speaker believes that God is male. He is also referred to by pronouns that begin with a capital letter, as a sign of respect, in many languages written in Latin script. In English, these would include He, Him, His and Himself. Many Jews follow a prohibition in their tradition against using it and other equivalents in writing (see G-d)."[5]

Locations on Earth

Images:1759 map Holy Land and 12 Tribes.jpg
The Holy Land or Palestine shows not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly. Credit: Tobias Lotter.

Def. that "part of Asia, consisting mostly of Israel and Palestine, in which most Biblical events are set"[6] is called a Holy Land.

The Holy Land is approximately 31°N latitude.

"The best and still unsurpassed study of a traditional Dayak religion in Kalimantan is that of Hans Scharer, Ngaju Religion: The Conception of God among a South Borneo People; translated by Rodney Needham (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1963). The practice of Kaharingan differs from group to group, but shamans, specialists in ecstatic flight to other spheres, are central to Dayak religion, and serve to bring together the various realms of Heaven (Upper-world) and earth, and even Under-world, for example healing the sick by retrieving their souls which are journeying on their way to the Upper-world land of the dead, accompanying and protecting the soul of a dead person on the way to their proper place in the Upper-world, presiding over annual renewal and agricultural regeneration festivals, etc.[32]"[7]

Borneo is approximately 1°N latitude. The equator passes through Borneo.

Recent history

The recent history period dates from around 1,000 b2k to present.

"During the High Middle Ages, theology was therefore the ultimate subject at universities, being named "The Queen of the Sciences" and serving as the capstone to the Trivium and Quadrivium that young men were expected to study. This meant that the other subjects (including Philosophy) existed primarily to help with theological thought.[8]"[1]



  1. Religion in the northern hemisphere of Earth has its origins in celestial events that killed hominins.
  2. There were no deities in the southern hemisphere except in those cultures that also crossed the equator into the northern hemisphere.

Control groups

Images:Lewis rat.jpg
This is an image of a Lewis rat. Credit: Charles River Laboratories.

The findings demonstrate a statistically systematic change from the status quo or the control group.

“In the design of experiments, treatments [or special properties or characteristics] are applied to [or observed in] experimental units in the treatment group(s).[9] In comparative experiments, members of the complementary group, the control group, receive either no treatment or a standard treatment.[10]"[11]

Proof of concept

Def. a “short and/or incomplete realization of a certain method or idea to demonstrate its feasibility"[12] is called a proof of concept.

Def. evidence that demonstrates that a concept is possible is called proof of concept.

The proof-of-concept structure consists of

  1. background,
  2. procedures,
  3. findings, and
  4. interpretation.[13]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 {{ cite web |title=WordNet Search - 3.1 for theology url== theology |publisher=Princeton University |location=Princeton, New Jersey USA |month=November 23, |year=2013 |accessdate=2013-11-23
  2. City of God Book VIII. i. "de divinitate rationem sive sermonem"
  3. Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity, 3.8.11
  4. "θεός, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. September 8, 2012.θεός. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "God, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. August 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
  6. "Holy Land, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  7. "Dayak people, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  8. Thomas Albert Howard, Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), p.56: '[P]hilosophy, the scientia scientarum in one sense, was, in another, portrayed as the humble "handmaid of theology".'
  9. Klaus Hinkelmann, Oscar Kempthorne (2008). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume I: Introduction to Experimental Design (2nd ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-72756-9.
  10. R. A. Bailey (2008). Design of comparative experiments. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68357-9.
  11. "Treatment and control groups, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. May 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  12. "proof of concept, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. November 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  13. {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}

External links

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